Volume : 4, Issue : 5, MAY 2018

THE INFLUENCE OF CIGARETTE SMOKING IN SERUM LIVER ENZYMES

SAAD AL-FAWAEIR

Abstract

Objective: cigarette smoking is the largest preventable risk factor for morbidity and mortality in many countries. Remarkable increasing in the prevalence of cigarette smoking in Jordan in the recent years has been noted. The main aim of this study was to evaluate any possible association between the cigarette smoking and liver enzymes in Jordanian male population sample. Results: the present study consists of 200 male patients (mean age 49.5 ±14.2). The control group includes 50 (mean age 52.8 ±11.2), there was a statistical significant increase (P< 0.05) in HB (16.21 + 0.29) and HCT (51.34 + 1.3) of smokers in concomitant with the non- smokers (14.35 + 0.48) and (42.71 +1.82), respectively. In liver enzymes analysis the γ- Glutamyl Transferase (γ-GT), Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ,Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and Total Bilirubin concentrations were significantly rose in male smokers in comparison with those non smokers (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The findings of this study show that cigarette smoking has effect on liver function which is reflected on the liver enzyme secretion level in blood serum

Keywords

Cigarette smoking, γ- Glutamyl Transferase, Aspartate aminotransferase, Alanine aminotransferase.

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