Volume : 2, Issue : 7, JUL 2016

AN ASSOCIATION BETWEEN WORKING STATUS, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, FOOD PREFERENCE AND BMI AMONG ADULT WOMEN OF DELHI

Rashmi Sinha

Abstract

The emerging epidemic of obesity represents an enormous public health burden with economic and societal consequences of major significance. It is important to understand the relationship between obesity and society, as with greater access to mechanized transportation and labor-saving devices, the need for utilitarian physical activity has declined, minimizing daily energy expenditure. The present study was conducted using multistage stratified random sampling. A data of 618 adult females from Delhi in the age range of 25-65 years comprised the sample. BMI was assessed using Tanita Body composition Analyser and an exhaustive information on physical activity, dietary habits and working status was collected. It was found that though majority of the women consumed vegetarian food nevertheless considerable percentages were found to be in overweight category; physical inactivity was then found to be one of the attributing factors. Emphasis of should be laid on complexities of the inter-relationships between diet, physical activity, and a host of possible confounding factors in the causation of obesity and its related metabolic disturbances.

Keywords

Obesity, Multistage Stratified Random Sampling, Awareness.

Article : Download PDF

Cite This Article

Article No : 34

Number of Downloads : 393

References

1. Aneja, A., El-Atat, F., McFarlane, S. I. and Sowers, J. R. (2004). Hypertension and
Obesity.Recent Progress in Hormone Research 59, p.169-205.
2. Barrington, W.E., Ceballos, R. M., Bishop, S. K., McGregor, B. A. and Beresford, S. A.
A. (2012). Perceived Stress, Behavior, and Body Mass Index Among Adults Participating
in a Worksite Obesity Prevention Program, Seattle, 2005–2007. Preventative
Chronic Disease, 9, p 120001.
3. Bhasin, S. K., Chaturvedi, S., Gupta, P. et al. (2001). Status of physical exercise and its
association with obesity and hypertension in two assembly constituencies of east Delhi.
4. Journal of Indian Medical Association, 99, p 631- 633.
5. Bose, K. (1995). A comparative study of generalised obesity and anatomical distribution
of subcutaneous fat in adult White and Pakistani migrant males in Peterborough.
Journal of Royal Society of Health, 115, p 90-95.
6. Godon –Larsen, P., Zemel, B. S. and Johnston, F. E. (1997). Secular changes in stature,
weight, fatness, overweight and obesity in urban African American adolescents from
mid 1950’s to mid 1990’s. American Journal of Human Biology, 9, p 675-688.
7. He, J., Gu, D., Wu, X., Reynolds, K, Duan, X., Yao, C., Wang, J., Chen, C. S., Chen, J.,
Wildman, R. P., Klag, M. J. and Whelton, P. K.( 2005). Major causes of death among
men and women in China. New England Journal of Medicine, 353, p 1124-1134.
8. Khanna, G. and Kapoor, S. (2004). Secular trend in Stature and age at menarche among
Punjabi Aroras residing in New Delhi, India. Collegium antropologicum, 28, p 571-
575.
9. Kouvonen, A., Kivimäki, M., Cox, S.J., Cox, T. and Vahtera, J. (2005). Relationship
between work stress and body mass index among 45,810 female and male employees.
Psychosomatic Medicine, 67(4), p 577-83.
10. Mohan, V. and Deepa, R. (2006). Obesity and abdominal obesity in Asian Indians.
11. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 123, p 593-6.
12. Monteiro, C.A., Moura, E. C., Conde, W. L. et al. (2004). Socioeconomic status and obesity
in adult populations of developing countries: a review. Bulletin World Health Organization.
13. Puoane, T. R., Fourie, J. M., Shapiro, M., Rosling, L., Tshaka, N. and Oelofse, A.
(2005). “Big is beautiful” an exploration with urban black women in a South African
township. South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 18, p 6-15.
14. Reddy, K. S. and Yusuf , S. (1998). Emerging epidemic of CVD in developing
countries.Circulation, 97, p 596-601. ,
15. Reddy, K. S. (2004). CVD in non-Western countries. New England Journal of Medicine,
350, p 2438- 2440.
16. Shukla, H. C., Gupta, P. C., Mehta, H. C. and Hebert, J. R. (2002). Descriptive epidemiology
of body mass index of an urban adult population in western India. Journal of Epidemiology
and Community Health, 56, p 876-880.
17. Sinha, R. and Kapoor, A. K. (2010). Cultural practices and nutritional status among
premenopausal women of urban setup in India. The Journal of Open Anthropology, 3,
p 168-171 .
18. Sinha, R. and Kapoor, S. (2007). Sensitivity of various skinfold sites to fat deposition in
adolescent daughters and their mothers. Acta Biologica Szegediensis, 51 (1), p 21-25.
19. Subramanian, S. V. and Smith, G. D. (2006b). Pattern, distribution and determinants of
under and overnutrition: A population – based study of women in India. American Journal
of Clinical Nutrition, 84, p 633- 640.
20. van Gaal, L., Rillaerts, E., Creten, W. and de Leeuw, I. (1988). Relationship of body fat
distribution pattern to atherogenic risk factors in NIDDM: Preliminary Results. Diabetes
Care, 11, p 103-106.
21. Weiner, J. S. and Lowrie, J. A. (1981). Human Biology, A guide to field methods. IBP
Handbook no 9,Oxford Blackwell Science Publication.
22. Zargar, A. H., Masoodi, S. R., Laway, B. A. et al. (2000). Prevalence of obesity in adults
– an epidemiological study from Kashmir Valley of Indian Subcontinent. Journal of
Association of Physicians India, 48, p 1170-1174.