Volume : 7, Issue : 11, NOV 2021





Osteoarthritis disease is the result of mechanical and biological events that destabilize the normal process of degradation and synthesis of articular cartilage chondrocytes, extra cellular Matrix, and subcondral bone. These changes include increased water content and altered collagen matrix all leading to the deterioration of articular cartilage. Osteoarthritis can be classified into primary and secondary types. Primary Osteoarthritis generally is a Poly Articular degenerative Arthritis of unknown origin that may be active to some extent in several joints and rarely occurs the age of 35 years. Secondary Osteoarthritis usually in non articular, in which the reaction of a joint to some condition has produced incongruity in its surfaces. Mechanical derangement, pyogenic infection, congenital anomaly Physical separation, ligamentous instability and fracture into a joint are among the common causes of secondary osteoarthritis.

Since very less study has been done on effects of isometric exercise and electrical stimulation on Osteoarthritis knee patient.  So, the need exists to do a study to see the effect and also to determine which technique can be used effectively to increase the strength of quadriceps femoris in osteoarthritis knee patient (38)

Research design- Experimental study, different subject design.

Population- the number of subject participating in study will be 30. Male & female patient between ages 40 to 55 years were selected.

Result- V.A.S. score of control group A at day 0 was 6.46 + 1.24 & at day 7 was 4.53 + 1.06 & Day 15 was 2.93 + .703. This shows that there was significant decrease in V.A.S. score that is there was significant decrease in pain. Similarly in the experimental group B at day 0 was 6.20 + 1.14 & day 7 was 4.13 +.915 & day 15 was 2.06 + .703. That there is decrease in V.A.S. score that are there was significant decrease in pain. But on comparing group A & B mean & standard deviation values there is more significant improvement in pain in experimental group. M.M.T. finding of control group A at day 0 was 3.60 + 507 & at day 7 was 4.33 + .723 & Day 15 was 4.60 + .507 this shows that there was significant increase in quadriceps femoris strength. Similarly in experimental group B at day 0 was 3.53 + .516 & day 7 was 3.73 + .457 & day 15 was 4.46 + .516 that there was increased. Quadriceps femoris Strength. But on comparing group A & B mean and standard deviation values there is no significant at 0 day but on the 7th day there is much more increased in strength of quadriceps femoris & 15th day there is no significant in group A & B in strength of quadriceps femoris muscles.

Conclusion- there may not be significant improvement in strength of quadriceps femoris in osteoarthritis knee patients with electrical stimulation as compared to conventional static exercise, but there is significant improvement in the pain in experiment group than control group.



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