Volume : 9, Issue : 1, JAN 2023

TO COMPARE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY VERSUS DIALECTICAL BEHAVIORAL THERAPY ALONG WITH BRUNKOW EXERCISES IN CHRONIC LOW BACK PAIN PATIENTS

JADAPALLI BHAVYA, DR.M.L.RAMYAKRISHNA

Abstract

Background: Low Back Pain (LBP) is a major medical, social and economic problem in both developed and developing countries. It often affects all life domains & eventually has a profound impact on quality of life. Each year, 15–45% of adults suffer LBP and 1/20 people present to hospital with a new episode.

Aim of the study: The aim of the study is to find out the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Vs Dialectical Behavioral Therapy along with Brunkow exercises & along with conventional therapy (Traction) to reduce pain and improve the quality of life by using VAS scale and Quality of life Questionnaire in Chronic Low Back patients.

Objectives of the study: To evaluate the effectiveness between Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Brunkow Exercises and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Brunkow Exercises along with Conventional therapy (Traction) for pain by using VAS and for Quality of life by using QOL Questionnaire on subjects with CLBP.

Methodology: 32 subjects who were clinically diagnosed of low back pain were assessed and 32 were recruited who are willing to be in the study and they were randomly allocated into 2 groups i.e Group A (n=16), Group B (n=16) . The outcome of this intervention was on Pain and Quality of life. This was recorded before and after the session of intervention.

Results: Statistical analysis of the data reveal that between the group comparison showed there is statistical significant difference in Visual Analogue Scale & Quality of life Questionnaire. Significant reductions (P < 0.01) in participants’ pain intensity, pain-related scores were found at the post treatment (vs pretreatment) assessment.

Conclusion: The Findings of the present study showed that both CBT & DBT along with Brunkow exercises were effective in reducing the intensity of Chronic Low Back Pain & improving the QOL but DBT were more effective when compared to CBT in reducing Pain and improving QOL.

Keywords

COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY, DIALECTICAL BEHAVIORAL THERAPY, BRUNKOW EXERCISE, TRACTION, CHRONIC LOW BACK PAIN.

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