Volume : 5, Issue : 9, SEP 2019

THE EFFICACY OF CHAIR AEROBIC EXERCISES ON COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN GERIATRIC POPULATION IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTER IN TIRUPATI.

DR. P.R. CHARAN KUMAR, DR. K. MADHAVI, DR. SHARAN B. SINGH M, DR. T. KATYARMAL, DR. K. ASHAJYOTHI

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Geriatrics from the chronological viewpoint starts from the age of 65 years. It is associated with increased risk of cardiac diseases, metabolic syndrome. Due to prolong life expectancy, age related diseases have increased in recent decades.1 The literature review indicates lifestyle factors which have impact on the people aging. Three lifestyle factors play a significant role in slowing the rate of cognitive decline and preventing dementia, they are socially integrated network, cognitive leisure activity and regular physical activity.2

Chair exercises can help the geriatrics to enhance the physical activities especially individuals with muscle strength and trunk balance. Apart from chair exercises individual based physical activity can be adopted. Effectiveness of the structured chair aerobic exercises can be measured using physical activity score, cognitive functions with MMSE, social network with oxford happiness questionnaire and quality of life using SF36 questionnaire in geriatric population.

AIM: To find out the influence of chair exercises on physical activity, cognitive functions, social network and quality of life in geriatric individuals.

OBJECTIVES:

  • To find out the effect of chair aerobic exercises on physical activity in geriatrics using international physical activity questionnaire.
  • To find out the effect of chair aerobic exercises on cognitive functions in geriatrics using mini mental state examination.
  • To find out the effect of chair aerobic exercises on social network in geriatrics using oxford happiness questionnaire.
  • To find out the effect of chair aerobic exercises on quality of life in geriatrics using sf36 questionnaire.

METHOD: 60 patients with age > 60 years old individuals (both genders) were taken in tertiary care centers in Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh for the study. Pre and Post comparison design was adopted. Inclusion criteria include Age 60 years above, Both genders (male and female), Mild and Moderate disability. Major neurological problems (stroke, Parkinson disease), History of cardiovascular disease (Coronary artery disease, Heart attack, Abnormal heart rhythms, Heart failure, Peri cardiac disease, vascular disease), Severe musculoskeletal disorders were excluded from the study.

Participants received 30-45 min of chair aerobic exercises, were implemented to the subjects every week as per the individual tolerance and the protocol is completed with relaxation positions. The protocol is implemented 4 days per week for 8 weeks. Four outcome measurements were measured initially before the intervention and after the intervention.  Physical activity questionnaire, mini mental state examination, oxford happiness questionnaire. Sf36 questionnaire.

RESULTS: There is a statistically significant (p<0.00) improvement from baseline to 8th week in geriatric population.

CONCLUSION: Chair aerobic exercises proved to be effective in improving the cognitive function, physical activity, social network, and quality of life in geriatric population.

Keywords

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY (PA), MINI MENTAL STATE EXAMINATION (MMSE), INTERNATIONAL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE S(IPAQ).

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