Volume : 3, Issue : 8, AUG 2017

STATUS OF ORAL HEALTH IN SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN’S OF AGE 5 TO 16 YEARS IN RURAL JAIPUR RAJASTHAN, INDIA

DR. MUKESHMEENA, DR. ANUJ JAIN, DR. NITIN JOSHI

Abstract

Background: Oral health is an essential component of health throughout life. However, millions of individuals suffer from dental caries and periodontal disease, resulting in unnecessary pain, difficulty in chewing, swallowing and speaking, and increased medical costs; hence, the present study was conducted to evaluate the oral health status of school children which would help us in planning and implementing necessary preventive measures. Aims and Objectives: 1. To assess the prevalence of dental caries among school children, using the Dentition Status and Treatment Needs Index. 2. To assess the prevalence of malocclusion among the study population, using the WHO criteria. 3. To assess the prevalence of dental calculus among the study population using the criteria of Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted at schools in Jaipur (Rural) city. Data was collected by clinical examination and interview. The study population comprised of school children of two age groups 5 and 16 years. A total of 313 subjects of both the sexes will be surveyed. Results and Conclusion: -The high prevalence of dental caries 47% and less number of filled teeth 28% indicate lack of proper attention oral health. Only 1% twice and 72% once a day brushes their teeth. Around 37% students had habit of chewing areca nut which is considered as a major cause of oral sub mucous fibrosis, a pre-cancerous condition.

Keywords

Dental Caries, Malocclusion, Brushing, Gingivitis, Periodontitis, Prevalence.

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