Volume : 5, Issue : 6, JUN 2019

SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND MATHEMATICS FOR CRITICAL THINKING: EVALUATION OF SOME SELECTED MATHEMATICS TEXTBOOKS IN NIGERIA

DR MRS MARGARET N. ANUGWO

Abstract

This study was on Science, Technology and Mathematics for critical thinking: Evaluation of Some Selected Mathematics Textbooks in Nigeria. It looked at the goals of science education in Nigeria, hinged on the inculcation of critical thinking and decision making skills among the students. The study discovered that the nature of the education system in Nigeria hinder the achievement of these goals as witnessed by the researcher and testified by some researchers and education authorities. The study opined that for these goals to be achieved, the education system should be evaluated from time to time. Based on this, the study selected and evaluated four texts books in use in the Nigerian education system, looked at the content to see whether the study questions in these texts are questions that expose students to critical thinking. Ebonyi State of Nigeria was simple randomly sampled as the area of the study. The method of evaluating the selected texts was in terms of their study question indices as stipulated by quantitative Approach to content Evaluation (QACEST.) QACEST is an 8-point model validated using science textbooks. The researcher by the use of Kendal Coefficient of Concordance W established 0.78 as the scorer reliability of QACEST on the texts. The results showed that out of the four textbooks evaluated only two of the texts have positive study question indices indicating that these textbooks can enhance the critical thinking and decision making skills of the students. The other two texts came close with a negative study question index, indicating that the study questions in these remaining texts are in inadequate quantity and hence might not cause students to develop critical and decision making skills. The study recommended that government should involve measurement and evaluation experts in evaluating textbooks to help them come up with good texts for the students. This is among other recommendations made by the study.

Keywords

CRITICAL THINKING, DECISION MAKING, PROBLEM SOLVING, TEXTBOOKS AND EVALUATION.

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