Volume : 7, Issue : 10, OCT 2021




Waste is any substance that is discarded after primary use or is worthless, defective, and of no use. Food waste represents the largest fraction of the municipal solid waste generated and its management is associated with suboptimal performance in environmental, health, and social dimension. It includes the action to reduce waste through material efficiency, waste reduction, and the recovery reusing of discarded material. Composting is one such effective manner that can be followed in the house for waste management. No nuisance or danger to public health and safety is to be caused by waste and effluent disposal system. Among these, a Portable bio composter bin provided by the Kerala government followed by aerobic digestion coupled with effective nutrient and energy recovery is, according to the findings, the preferred option to improve the sustainability of the current system in all dimensions considered. The nutrient analysis of the compost is carried out to check the stability and quality. Results showed that moisture content is slightly above the permissible limit whereas the pH, total nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium came under the optimum limits. The results also suggested that the composting of waste using potable bio bin composter was feasible and its applicability is continuous. This technique also fulfilled the objective of producing quality compost, which was suitable for agricultural use.



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