Volume : 3, Issue : 8, AUG 2017

PHYSICO-CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF GROUND WATER QUALITY OF MOHANIA BLOCK, DISTRICT KAIMUR, BIHAR WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO NITRATE.

ANSHU KUMARI, V K PRABHAT

Abstract

Mohania is a city in Kaimur district in the Indian state of Bihar. It serves as headquarters for the Mohania sub-division in Kaimur district. It is 17 km by road north of the city of Bhabua, at the intersection of National Highway (old number: NH 2) and State Highway 14. National Highway 319 originates from Mohania. The present study deals with physico-chemical parameters of Ground Water of five different areas of Mohania block that is Village Bhokhari (Bhokari Panchayat) (S1), Village Mohamadpur (Mohnadpur Panchayat) (S2), Village Bhirikhara (Bomhour Panchayat) (S3), Village Turkwalia ( Panapur Panchayat) (S4) and Village Dadva (Dadva Panchayat) (S5). The ground Water Parameters such as PH , Alkalinity, Total hardness,Calcium hardness, Iron, Nitrate, Nitrite, Ammonium, Fluorides Chloride, and Residual chlorine etc. were estimated in the samples to evaluate their quality. Our results reveals that concentration of DO, BOD, Sulphate, Phosphate etc. are negligible in comparison to permissible limits. Whereas concentration of Nitrate in the selected samples were found from 20 mg/l (S2 and S4) to 30 mg/l (S1andS3). In Samples S 5 and S3 have a high value of Nitrate exceeding the permissible limit that is 55mg/l and 54mg/l. The high value of Nitrate needs proper treatment of ground water before use.

Keywords

Physico-Chemical Parameters, Ground Water, Nitrate.

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