Volume : 5, Issue : 3, MAR 2019
PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATION FOR CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT IN NEPAL
DR. RAJENDRA KUMAR SHAH
Philosophy is essential for the development of any kind of curriculum. Curriculum objectives, content, classroom delivery, and evaluation process are determined on the basis of philosophical bases. Without philosophy, educators will have no direction as to what and how to organize and implement whatever we are trying to achieve within the school system. It is an established fact that our philosophy influences and do to a large extent determines our educational decisions, choices and alternatives. This is because curriculum consists of the totality of the environment that the school creates in order to stimulate and guide the wholesome growth and development of the children. This however, could not have been made possible without philosophy. Philosophy provides the starting point in curriculum development as it reflects on the total needs of the children, environment, schools and the society. From this, philosophy becomes the source of the development of curriculum. The major aim of the present article is to propose a philosophical foundation for the curriculum development in Nepal. Thus, this study is of descriptive nature and based on the In-depth Desk Review (IDR). In this study, published books, library documents, research reports, articles as well as online documents have been taken as samples and as a data collection tools. In the reviewing process, major challenges of the Western and drawbacks of the Eastern philosophy have been sought. On the basis the findings, a model of philosophy for the curriculum development was developed. Result of the present reveals that a combination of the Vedic and Buddhist philosophy could be a philosophical bases for the curriculum development process in Nepal.
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