Volume : 3, Issue : 7, JUL 2017

NEED FOR EMPOWERING ADOLESCENT GIRLS, THE TOMORROW MOTHERS THROUGH NUTRITION EDUCATION ON INDIGENOUS FOOD PROCESSING: A REVIEW

NEELAM KUMARI, V.PAUL, A.PAUL, A.CHATTREE

Abstract

Addressing the nutritional needs of adolescents could be an important step towards breaking the vicious cycle of intergenerational malnutrition, chronic diseases and poverty. Adolescents are future parents. Particularly women play a significant role in the development of their offspring so if they have better nutritional knowledge and awareness on nutrition they improve the nutritional status of all family members and good health can be maintained . Nutrition education on Indigenous food processing practices can be an effective strategy to achieve food and nutrition security as it includes the transfer of indigenous processing practices from generation to generation at the household level. It requires little effort and puts less economic burden on household thus ensuring safe and wholesome supply of nutrient rich foods, contributing to solve the problem of malnutrition and controlling non communicable diseases. Several indigenous household food-processing and preparation methods can be used to enhance the bioavailability of micronutrients in plant-based diets. These includethermal processing, mechanical processing, soaking, fermentation, and germination/malting. These strategies aim to increase the physicochemical accessibility of micronutrients, decrease the content of antinutrients, such as phytate, or increase the content of compounds that improve bioavailability. Nutrition education on indigenous food processing practices might be an effective strategy to ensure a positive and significant effect on micronutrient adequacy for present and future generations.

Keywords

Adolescent Girls, Nutrition Education, Indigenous Food Processing.

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