Volume : 3, Issue : 12, DEC 2017




Water is a universal solvent. Its dissolving capacity is immense. As such purification of water is a very difficult task. Water serves human needs. It satisfies human demands. It solves human problems since time immemorial. Easy availability of water is a hindrance to realise its importance. Many parts of this planet do not get water sufficiently or regularly and India is no exception. Only those who are deprived from this natural blessings can feel its real cost. Climate is changing. Its controlling parameters are also changing. Double changes have rendered the whole situation quite unpredictable. Global climate change causes change of global hydrological cycle. This changed hydrology offers either untimely precipitation or huge precipitation causing flood or no precipitation at all resulting to severe drought and death. Due to this peculiar behaviour of Indian Summer Monsoon sectors viz., production of rain fed crops, fisheries, livestock production and forestry, etc are severely affected leading to huge economic loss of society thereby nation at large. With the growth of population the demand thereby production of crops has been increased. Agricultural land is limited. In this limited land unlimited manure and pesticides have been used to get the desired quantity of crop. This type of chemical dependent cultivation needs huge water. Water is lifted causing water level down thereby increasing arsenic limit higher. Though rainfall is irregular but its quantum is more or less unchanged as is evident from analysis of hundred year’s rainfall data. Main problem lies in the conservation of water or no conservation infrastructure at all. Major quantum of precipitation is wasted quite unused simply due to runoff. Unplanned and ill planned management both of private and public have rendered the situation quite critical. Further, rapid industrialisation and urbanization have raised demand of water much, instead lowered water level more and polluted the environment and river water most. In future pure water will be like luxury goods. If proper care is not taken then pure water will be a dream in near future. Water dissolves all and solves all problems. But at present it cannot solve its own problem.


Climate Change, Hydrological Cycle, Water, Crisis, Imminent.

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