Volume : 3, Issue : 7, JUL 2017

COMPARISION BETWEEN TWO GROUP INTERVENTIONS OF ANTHROPOMETRIC PARAMETERS AND FOOD CONSUMPTION: A QUASI-EXPERIMENTAL STUDY

ISABELA PIRES LOYOLA, LIS PROENÇA VIEIRA, Luiz Aparecido Bortolotto, Heno Ferreira Lopes

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension is recognized as an important cardiovascular risk factor. Although it is already known that the quality of a diet is fundamental to preventing and treating hypertension, it is still unclear which dietary method is more effective. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare anthropometric and dietary parameters between 2 groups interventions in dietary pattern. Methods: One received an interdisciplinary intervention (intervention group) and the other a standard nutritional intervention (control group). The intervention group comprised 14 individuals, while the control group comprised 10, totaling 24 obese and hypertensive individuals treated at a cardiology institution for 3 months. Height, weight, and waist circumference were measured. To evaluate the consumption of food groups and sources of saturated fat, sodium, and sugar, a food frequency questionnaire were used before and after the interventions. The data were analyzed using Spearman correlations, the Student t test for variables with normal distribution, and the Mann-Whitney test for the nonparametric variables. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: There was no difference between groups regarding sex, age or dyslipidemia; however, a difference was noted between groups for diabetes. No difference was noted in weight loss, BMI, and waist circumference reduction. In the intervention group, the reduction of these variables was significant. There was a significant difference between groups regarding food consumption. Conclusion: No differences regarding anthropometric measures were observed. The intervention group had significantly greater improvement in legume consumption and a larger reduction in carbohydrate, sodium, and sugar sources.

Keywords

Hypetension, Obese, Intervention, Nutritional Education, Multidisciplinary Intervention.

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References

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