Volume : 7, Issue : 3, MAR 2021

A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY ON ASSESSMENT OF SYMPTOMS IN WORKERS OF STONE CRUSHER ZONE OF YAMUNANAGAR DISTRICT OF HARYANA DUE TO DUST EXPOSURE AND TO ANALYSE KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AMONG THEM.

DR. KAVINDER SINGH ROHILLA, DR. SATYADEEP

Abstract

Introduction: Stone mining and crushing leads to generation of excessive dust which contains silica. The workers involved in this industry are continuously exposed to dust.  The nature of work in stone crusher zone and use of primitive tools predispose them to various other occupational hazards. Hence adequate knowledge of occupational health & safety is required.

Objectives: To study prevalence of symptoms due to dust exposure in stone crusher workers and to analyse awareness regarding occupational safety among them.

Method: It is a cross sectional study involving 200 stone crusher worker in Yamunanagar district of Haryana. A common set of questions was asked and data collected was further analysed.

Results: Cough was the most common symptom present in 65.5% individuals. The incidence of cough increased as duration of exposure to dust increased. No pre placement & periodic medical examinations were held. Use of Personal Protective Equipments is very rare. Awareness regarding health insurance scheme is limited to just 8.5% study participants.

Conclusion: The stone crusher workers are at higher risk of developing respiratory symptoms due to constant exposure to dust. The practice of using mask & other protection equipments is very rare. Study population had very low awareness about health insurance schemes as a result majority of individuals are not insured under any such schemes.

Keywords

HEALTH INSURANCE, OCCUPATIONAL HAZARDS, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SILICA, STONE CRUSHER ZONE.

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