Volume : 9, Issue : 3, MAR 2023

DRA ANNUAL NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON RESEARCH, EDUCATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: OPPORTUNITIES & CHALLENGES

IMPACT OF MINING ACTIVITY ON ENVIRONMENT: AN OVERVIEW

DR. POOJA SHARMA

Abstract

Mineral are crucial for any country’s development and economic prosperity, so many open and underground mines have been created. On the other hand, this has an impact on our environment both directly and indirectly. Using large machines to generate more with less effort increases environmental issues. Due to mining activities, there are more environmental issues, such as land degradation, loss of biodiversity and forest, soil contamination, surface and ground water pollution, air pollution, and noise pollution. Stakeholders and the government should be informed of the laws & regulation that fall under "The Environmental Protection Act, 1986" in order to lessen the issue. This paper evaluates the effects of mining on the environment, including soil degradation, air pollution, noise pollution, water pollution, ecological disruption, health etc. and National Mineral Policy, 2019.

Therefore, a country’s management of its mineral resources must be strongly connected to its entire economic development and preservation and conservation measures. Before major mining projects can be approved and carried out, the majority of countries around the world demand some sort of environmental impact assessment (EIA), and the contribution of these two acts, Environment Protection Act of 1986 and The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1974, helps in reducing environmental pollution.

Keywords

MINING IMPACTS, NATIONAL MINERAL POLICY, 2019, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT, 1986, THE WATER (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1974, AND EIA

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