CHOOSING MEDICINE AS A PROFESSIONAL CAREER: MOTIVATION OF BRAZILIAN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Maria de Lourdes Veronese Rodrigues, Marta Neves Campanelli Marçal Vieira, Maria de Fatima Aveiro Colares, Claudimar Amaro, Cristiane Martins Peres, Tatiane Martins Jorge, Jayter Silva Paula, Luiz Ernesto de Almeida Troncon

Abstract


Purpose: To determine the motivations of adolescents for choosing a professional career. Method: Among the high school students who visited one of the University of São Paulo Profession Fair (FPUSP), 156 (46 males), whose first professional option was Medicine, replied to a questionnaire about their motivations for entering a Medical School. The replies were divided into motivations related to: a) idealism/altruism and human relations, b) social and economic position, c) family influence, d) having the skills needed to exercise the profession, and e) other options. Age ranged from 13 to 22 years (median = 17 years) and the students were divided into two groups according to the socioeconomic status of their family: Group I – public school students (n = 41) and Group II – private school students (n = 115). Results: The greatest motivation in both groups was idealism/altruism/aspects of human relations (Groups I:48,8%; II:53%; p=0.61), followed by the possibility of a good socioeconomic situation (Groups: I: 19%; II:23%; p=0.26). The differences between groups were not statistically significant. Conclusion: Although the high school students interviewed intend to have a stable economic situation and to receive recognition by society, motivations related to idealism/altruism/human relations predominated.

Keywords


Career Choice; Life Style, Socio-Economic Aspects, Teenagers.

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References


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