Maria de Lourdes Veronese Rodrigues, Marta Neves Campanelli Marçal Vieira, Maria de Fatima Aveiro Colares, Claudimar Amaro, Cristiane Martins Peres, Tatiane Martins Jorge, Jayter Silva Paula, Luiz Ernesto de Almeida Troncon


Purpose: To determine the motivations of adolescents for choosing a professional career. Method: Among the high school students who visited one of the University of São Paulo Profession Fair (FPUSP), 156 (46 males), whose first professional option was Medicine, replied to a questionnaire about their motivations for entering a Medical School. The replies were divided into motivations related to: a) idealism/altruism and human relations, b) social and economic position, c) family influence, d) having the skills needed to exercise the profession, and e) other options. Age ranged from 13 to 22 years (median = 17 years) and the students were divided into two groups according to the socioeconomic status of their family: Group I – public school students (n = 41) and Group II – private school students (n = 115). Results: The greatest motivation in both groups was idealism/altruism/aspects of human relations (Groups I:48,8%; II:53%; p=0.61), followed by the possibility of a good socioeconomic situation (Groups: I: 19%; II:23%; p=0.26). The differences between groups were not statistically significant. Conclusion: Although the high school students interviewed intend to have a stable economic situation and to receive recognition by society, motivations related to idealism/altruism/human relations predominated.


Career Choice; Life Style, Socio-Economic Aspects, Teenagers.

Full Text:



Almeida, M.E.G.G. and Pinho, L.V. (2008). (Adolescence, Family and Choices: implications on professional counselling). Psic Clin, 20, p. 173-184. 2. Blue, A.V., Crandall, S., Nowacek, G., Luecht, R., Chauvin, S., Swick, H. (2009). Assessment of matriculating medical students' knowledge and attitudes towards professionalism. Med Teach, 31, p.928-932. 3. Brasil/Ministério de Educação e Cultura. available at, accessed 20 March 2017. 4. Cianflone, A.R.L.(1996). (Individual characteristics and learning. A few contributions to medical student development). Medicina (Ribeirão Preto), 29, p. 414-449. 5. Corrêa, R.D., Gonçalves, R.C.B., Oliveira, L.C., Silva, V.C.M., Ribeiro, M.F. (2016). (Medicine as a new undergraduate degree: Motivations, Challenges and Expectations). Rev Bras Educ Med, 40, p. 226-233.

Hadinger, M.A. (2017). Underrepresented minorities in Medical School admissions: a qualitative study. Teaching and Learning Medicine, 29, p.31-41.

Lara, L.D., Araujo, M.C.S., Lindner, W., Santos, V.P.S. (2005). (The adolescent and the professional choice: understanting the decision-making process). Arq Cienc Saúde Unipar, 9, p. 57-61. 8. Paula, A.P.B., Ranieri, L.P., Paula, J.S., Rodrigues, M.L.V., Barreira, C.R.A.(2017) Motivations and Expectations related to the choice of the Bachelor Course of Physical Education and Sports. IESRJ, 3, 87-92. 9. Rapport, F., Jones, G.F. , Favell, S., Bailey, J., Gray, L., Manning, A., Sellars, P., Taylor, J/, Byrne, A., Evans, A., Cowell, C., Rees, S., Williams, R.. (2009). What influences student experience of Graduate Entry Medicine? Qualitative findings from Swansea School of Medicine. Med Teach, 31. p.e580-585. 10. Rogers, M.E., Creed, P.A. (2011) A longitudinal examination of adolescent career planning and exploration using a social cognitive career theory framework. Journal of Adolescence, 34, p.163-172. 11. Santos, L.M.M. (2005). (Roles of family and peers on professional choices). Psicologia em Estudo,10, p.57-66. 12. Santos M.S.C., Brandão, L.E.T, Maia, V.M.(2015). (Decisions making and professional choises in Brazil: a real options approach). R.Adm.,50, p.141-152. 13. Scheffer, M.C., Guilloux, A.G.A., Dal Poz, M.R., Lilia Blima Schraiber, L.B. (2016). Reasons for choosing the profession and profile of newly qualified physicians in Brazil Rev Assoc Med Bras, 62:853-861. 14. Soriano, L.A., Diniz,A.L.A., Baseio, M.C., Paula, J.S. (2016).From health to university extention: cursinho popular do PET-medicina, a successful project in the Ribeirão Preto Medical School. Medicina (Ribeirão Preto), 49, p. 388-392 15. Slevin, O.D. (1991). Ageist attitudes among young adults: implications for a caring profession. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 16, p.1197-1205. 16. Slotterback, C.S., Saarnio, D.A. (1996). Attitudes toward older adults reported by young adults: variation based on attitudinal task and attribute categories. Psychology and Aging, 11, p. 563-571. 17. Southgate E, Kelly BJ, Symonds IM. (2015) Disvantage and the "capacity to aspire" to medical school. Med Educ., 49, p.73-83. 18. University of São Paulo (USP)/Pró-Reitoria de Cultura e Extensão Universitária (PRCEU) - available at acessed 28 February 2016.

Wang, J.Y., Lin, H., Lewis, P.Y., Fetterman, D.M., Gesundheit, N. (2015). Is a career in medicine the right choice? The impact of a physician shadowing program on undergraduate premedical students. Acad Med, 90, p.629-633. 20. Whalen, D., Harris, C., Harty, C., Greene, A., Faour, E., Thomson, K., Ravalia, M. (2016). Should I apply to medical school? High school students and barriers to application. Can J Rural Med, 21, p.46-50. 21. Zampieron, A., Buja, A., Dorigo, M., Bonso, O., Corso, M. (2012). A comparison of student motivation in selecting bachelors Fo nursing or paediatric nursing at na Italian university. Int Nurs Rev, 59, p.525-531.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Educational Scientific Research Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License Based on a work at


Disclaimer: Articles on International Educational Scientific Research Journal have been previewed and authenticated by the Authors before sending for the publication. The Journal, Chief Editor and the editorial board are not entitled or liable to either justify or responsible for inaccurate and misleading data if any. It is the sole responsibility of the Author concerned.